Kariba is located in the Mashonaland West Province of Zimbabwe, on the Northwestern border with Zambia, and is 365 km from the Zimbabwean capital, Harare. The town grew with the building of the Kariba Dam on the Zambezi River. This dam is a hydroelectric dam in the Kariba Gorge of the Zambezi river basin between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The reservoir created by the dam, Lake Kariba, extends for 280 kilometres with a storage capacity of 180 cubic kilometres. The dam wall is one of the largest in the world at 128 m high and 579 m long. Kariba is spread along approximately 20km of the Lake Kariba shoreline with its western boundary on the Zambezi River. World media attention focused on the new township at Kariba in the early 1960's during Operation Noah, when Rupert Fothergill and his team undertook the biggest animal rescue ever. An epic drama unfolded as wildlife was saved from the rising waters of the new Lake and largely relocated in Matusadona. Kariba is now well known as a centre for boating and game viewing holidays on the lake.