Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho)
The name Lesotho roughly means, "the land of the people who speak Sesotho". Lesotho is landlocked and is completely contained within South Africa. Over the years it has been nicknamed, "Kingdom in the Sky". Lesotho was largely populated by the Khoisan hunters who were under the rule of King Moshoeshoe 1. King Moshoeshoe 1 and his tribe settled at the Butha-Buthe Mountain and joined a resistance against the reign of Shaka Zulu from 1818. The two official languages in Lesotho are English and Sesotho. The motto of Lesotho is "Khotso, Pula, Nala", which means "Peace, Rain, Prosperity"
Lesotho is divided into 10 regions
and Maseru which is the capital of Lesotho
Most of Lesotho's rain falls in the summer months as thunderstorms though during the winter months Lesotho is most popular for its snowfall which attracts hundreds of tourists to its breathtaking mountain top views and activities. Snow is common during winter but can be found on the high mountain tops all year round. Snow is normally only found on the lower mountains between May and September.
Lesotho relies mostly on farming. Lesotho is well known for its export of one of two of it's natural resources, to the world, diamonds. The other most significant resource is water which it sells to South Africa. Lesothos currency is loti or maloti. It is on a par with the South African rand.
Besides the breathtaking mountain views and hiking adventures, Lesotho has one of the most colourful and still the most traditional villages alive. There are many Basotho villages with traditional huts that are handmade from Lesothos natural materials. Basotho people are very welcoming and hospitable.